Philippe II, Duke of Orleans, Philippe Charles (1674 – 1723) was the Regent of France from 1715 to 1723. He was the Regent of France during the minority of the young King Louis XV who acceded to the French throne when he was just five years old.
History of the
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1700 - The diamond originated from the Parteal mine, Golconda in India and was stolen by a slave who smuggled it in the bandages of a self-inflicted leg wound and fled to Bombay
1700 - The runaway slave met an English captain who agreed to give passage to the slave and help him to sell the diamond
1700 - The captain murdered the slave and kept the diamond for himself
1701 - The murderous sea captain reached Madras and sold the diamond to an Indian dealer named Jamchund. He spent the blood money and then filled with guilt and remorse he hanged himself
1702 - The dealer, Jamchund, sold the stone to Governor Thomas Pitt of Fort George, Madras. Thomas Pitt was the grandfather of William Pitt famous for his part in the American Revolution
1702 - Governor Thomas Pitt became paranoid about losing the diamond. The diamond had become famous and Pitt was so scared it would be stolen that he never spent more two consecutive nights in the same house
1717 - In 1717 Pitt sold the diamond to the Duke of Orleans, Regent of France - from where the name of the diamond originated. He was the Regent of France during the minority of the young King Louis XV
1722 - The Regent diamond was set in the crown of King Louis XV for his coronation in 1722. The Regent thus became part of the French Regalia (Crown Jewels) Louis XV became a weak and dissolute King. One of his mistresses was Madame de Pompadour and another was the Comtesse Du Barry who was beheaded during the French Revolution
1723 - In 1723 the Regent diamond was removed from the crown and was worn by Queen Marie Leczinska in her hair.
1775 - The Regent was re-set in a new crown for the coronation of King Louis XVI in 1775. Marie Antoinette then used the Regent diamond to adorn a large black-velvet hat
1792 - August - This diamond was, with the rest of the French regalia, seized in August, 1792, and deposited in the Garde-Meuble (Royal Treasury) during the French Revolution
1792 - September - In September the Crown Jewels, including the Regent Diamond were stolen when the Garde Meuble (Royal Treasury) was stormed by rioters.
1795 - The Regent Diamond was recovered apparently found hidden in the rafters of roof
1795 - 1799 - From November 2, 1795 until November 10, 1799 the Directory (or Directoire) held executive power in France during the later stages of the French Revolution and the Regent Diamond was often used as a security
1799 - The Directory fell in a coup of and was replaced by the Consulate. During this period Napoleon Bonaparte established himself as First Consul
1804 - In 1804 Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned Emperor He had the Regent Diamond mounted in the hilt of his sword that he carried at his coronation
1814 - Napoleon was forced into exile in Elba. Marie Louisa, his second wife, carried the Regent diamond to Austria. However, her father, Emperor Francis I of Austria, returned it to France and it again became part of the French Crown Jewels
1814 - King Louis XVIII wore the precious gem in the Royal Crown at his coronation
1825 - In 1825 King Charles X wore the stone in the Royal Crown at his coronation
1852 - Napoleon III wore the diamond in the Royal Crown at his coronation and then it was re-set in a Greek diadem designed for Empress Eugenie.
1870 - The Emperor was captured at the Battle of Sedan and was deposed by the forces of the Third Republic in Paris
1887 - In 1887 many of the French Crown Jewels were sold at auction but the Regent was exhibited at the Louvre as one of the national treasures of France. It remains there today
of the Regent
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